Police are appealing to people in Eastwood and Kimberley to surrender their weapons in a two-week long gun amnesty.
Locals are asked to hand their guns in at participating police stations between March 3 and March 17, and there will be no questions asked.
It is a decade since the last firearms amnesty in Nottinghamshire and the force is asking for people to surrender unlawfully held or unwanted guns and ammunition to help avoid them getting into the wrong hands.
Officers said many firearms were held in innocence and ignorance of their illegality or were overlooked and forgotten in people’s homes.
Those surrendering weapons will not face prosecution for any illegal possession, and they can remain anonymous.
However, the history of each live gun will be checked for evidence of its possible use in crimes.
Over the last five years gun possession in the county has decreased by 37 per cent and incidents of gun crime causing injury has fallen by 34 per cent.
Det Chf Insp Mick Luke said: “There was one fatal shooting last year. This is one death too many. We want as many weapons as possible and would encourage people to hand them in.”
The nearest police stations where guns can be handed over the counter are Hucknall and Bulwell.
Next month police will be in schools educating kids about gangs, guns and knives.